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2 edition of Studies on the composition and metabolism of ribonucleic acid in human cell cultures. found in the catalog.

Studies on the composition and metabolism of ribonucleic acid in human cell cultures.

Richard Scott Hayward

Studies on the composition and metabolism of ribonucleic acid in human cell cultures.

by Richard Scott Hayward

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Published .
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Edition Notes

Thesis (Ph. D.)--The Queen"s University of Belfast, 1964.

The Physical Object
Pagination1 v
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL20337665M

a nucleic acid that is present in all living cells and controls cellular protein synthesis; it replaces deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) as a carrier of genetic codes in some viruses. RNA is similar in composition to DNA with two exceptions: the sugar in RNA is ribose, as opposed to the deoxyribose of DNA, and in RNA the pyrimidine uracil is found instead of the thymine of DNA. The term nucleic acid is the overall name for DNA and RNA. They are composed of nucleotides, which are the monomers made of three components: a 5-carbon sugar, a phosphate group and a nitrogenous base. If the sugar is a compound ribose, the polymer is RNA (ribonucleic acid); if the sugar is derived from ribose as deoxyribose, the polymer is DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid).

Biochemistry, sometimes called biological chemistry, is the study of chemical processes within and relating to living organisms. Biochemical processes give rise to the complexity of life.. A sub-discipline of both biology and chemistry, biochemistry can be divided into three fields; structural biology, enzymology, and the last decades of the 20th century, biochemistry has.   The c-kit protooncogene receptor and its ligand stem cell factor (SCF) regulate the proliferation and survival of germ cells as well as hematopoietic cells and adult rodent ovary, c-kit and SCF play important roles in follicular r, little information about c-kit in the human ovary is this study, we examined the expressions of c-kit messenger Cited by:

Nucleic acids are large molecules that carry tons of small details: all the genetic information. Nucleic acids are found in every living thing — plants, animals, bacteria, viruses, fungi — that uses and converts energy. Every single living thing has something in common. People, animals, plants, and more all are connected by genetic material. Kudo, Y., Boyd, C. A. Transport of amino acids by the human placenta: predicted Gabbe, S. G., Kniss, D. A. Insulin and glucose modulate glucose transporter messenger ribonucleic acid expression and glucose uptake in Lemons, J. A. Effect of fasting on uteroplacental amino acid metabolism in the pregnant sheep. Biol. Neonate ;


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Studies on the composition and metabolism of ribonucleic acid in human cell cultures by Richard Scott Hayward Download PDF EPUB FB2

Ribonucleic Acid Metabolism in Lymphocytes Stimulated by Phytohemagglutinin II. RAPIDLY SYNTHESIZED RIBONUCLEIC ACID AND THE PRODUCTION OF RIBOSOMAL RIBONU- CLEIC ACID (Received for publication, J ) HERBERT L. COOPER From the Cell Biology Section, National Institute of Dental Research, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland.

Ribonucleic Acid (RNA) Encourages Cell Replication, Growth, and Protein Synthesis Ribonucleic acid (RNA) is a nucleic acid that is found in both the nucleus and the cytoplasm of cells in plants and animals.

It transmits genetic instructions from the cell’s nucleus to the cytoplasm. The RNA in the cytoplasm works to assemble Size: 1MB. The Role of Ribonucleic Acid and Protein Synthesis in Microsomal Aryl Hydrocarbon Hydroxylase Induction in Cell Culture THE INDEPENDENCE OF TRANSCRIPTION AND TRANSLATION (Received for publication, September 8, ) D.

NEBERT* AND H. GELBOIN$. Absorbance profiles and nucleotide composition of RNA isolated from flax callus and cell suspension cultures were compared with those of intact cotyledons. The acrylamide gel electrophoretic patterns of total RNA from green callus and suspension cultures were characterized by the absence of both the chloroplast ribosomal RNA species, 23 S and 16 by: 2.

Large unilamellar vesicles (LUV) composed of phosphatidylserine are capable of encapsulating poliovirus ribonucleic acid (RNA) and delivering it efficiently to cells in an infectious form.

The biological activity of vesicle-entrapped poliovirus RNA was 1–2 × 10 4 plaque forming units/nanogram (pfu/ng) and appeared to be enhanced by. Nucleic Acids: Function & Structure and RNA (ribonucleic acid).

Together they are responsible for passing an organism's traits to the next generations, including what it will look like and how. RNA, or ribonucleic acid, uses ribose and contains hydroxyl groups at both the 2′ and 3′ positions. DNA is deoxynucleic acid, with deoxy referring to one less hydroxyl group at the 2′ position.

Both molecules are dependent on the 3′ hydroxyl for elongation because it is required for the phosphodiester bond that forms between it and 5′ phosphate group of the next nucleotide. Studies on Ribonuclease, Ribonucleic Acid and Protein Synthesis in Healthy and Zinc‐Deficient Citrus Leaves Article in Physiologia Plantarum 12(1):1 - 7 April with 4 Reads.

Cell cultures. HT, WiDr human colorectal adenocarcinoma cells and CCD CoN human normal colon cells were obtained from LGC Standards. Analysis of fatty acid composition Author: Adriana Mika, Jaroslaw Kobiela, Alicja Pakiet, Aleksandra Czumaj, Ewa Sokołowska, Wojciech Makarewic.

VIROL () Base Composition of the Ribonucleic Acids of the Three Types of Poliovirus1 FREDERICK L. SCHAFFER, HELEN FISHER MOORE, AND CARLTON E. 8CHWERDT2 Virus Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, California Accepted Janu I Techniques for HC1 hydrolysis and chromatography were modified to permit analysis of the bases in the RNA of Cited by: by a detailed analysis of HeLa cell mtDNA transcription (5, 6, 36, 37) and sequencing studies on human mtDNA (B.

Barrell, S. Anderson, A. Bankier et al., in H. Weiss and W. Sebald, ed., 31st Mosbach Colloquium on Biological Chemistry of Organelle Formation, in press) and mitochondrial ribonucleic acids (RNAs) (18, 29a, 38, 38a). In many respects, the most remarkable chemical substances within the genome of eukaryotic cells are remarkable proteins which are the critical structural and functional units of living cells.

The specifications for everything that goes in the cell are natural digital-to-digital decoding process in an archive sequence by deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and an articulate construction by ribonucleic Cited by: 1. ABSTRACT These studies demonstrate that the circulating human small lymphocyte synthesizes ribonucleic acid (RNA) of high molecular weight which is not primarily a ribosomal precursor and which is, in part, complementary to humandeoxy-ribonucleic acid (DNA).The stimulation of these lymphocytes by PHAbrings a cell population in.

package of nucleic acid wrapped in a protein coat that must use a host cell's machinery to reproduce itself translation Ribosomal RNA interprets the information from the mRNA and directs the tRNA to bring the correctly sequenced amino acids in building proteins. Analyzing each miR’s predicted targets affecting glucose and/or fatty acid metabolism, cell growth and hypertrophy and cell cycle, six miRs were Cited by: 7.

Schaechter et al. first showed that the macromolecular composition (contents of ribonucleic acid (RNA), DNA, and protein) of Salmonella typhimurium varies strongly according to how fast the cells are growing. This has been shown to apply also to many other microorganisms [15,16,17].Cited by: 9.

Biomolecule, any of numerous substances that are produced by cells and living organisms. Biomolecules have a wide range of sizes and structures and perform a vast array of functions.

The four major types of biomolecules are carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids, and proteins. Prebiotics: Metabolism, Structure, and Function such as 16S ribosomal ribonucleic acid sequencing and metagenomics approaches, substrate and as a regulator of cell differentiation,38 It is.

The keratins of human epidermis consist of several distinct proteins of different molecular weight that can be separated by gel electrophoresis in the presence of sodium dodecylsulfate. These proteins are very similar in structure, as determined by amino acid composition, polypeptide mapping and immunological reactivity.

At least five such keratins are found in cultured human epidermal by:   The Structure and Metabolism of the Pancreatic Islets: A Centennial of Paul Langerhans' Discovery is a collection of that presents the advancement in the field of pancreatic islet research, particularly in the area of biosynthesis and secretion of Edition: 1.

This ribonucleic acid is of nuclear origin and conveys genetic information from DNA in the nucleus to the ribosomes in the cytoplasm, where amino acids become grouped to form proteins. 2.

Transfer or adapter RNA: It is another important type of ribonucleic acid which is present in the cytoplasm, helping there in protein synthesis. Marshall WH, Roberts KB. Continuous cinematography of human lymphocytes cultured with a phytohaemagglutinin including observations on cell division and interphase.

Q J Exp Physiol Cogn Med Sci. Oct; 50 (4)– Mueller GC, Mahieu ML. Induction of ribonucleic acid synthesis in human leucocytes by phytohemagglutinin. Biochim Biophys by: SEED J. Synthesis of ribonucleic acid, deoxyribonucleic acid and nuclear protein in normal and tumour strain cells.

Nature. Apr 13; – Seed J. The synthesis of DNA, RNA, and nuclear protein in normal and tumor strain cells. II. Fresh embryo mouse cells.

J Cell Biol. Feb; 28 (2)– [PMC free article] Seed J.